There is a strong correlation between economic activity and energy consumption; at least, it has been the dominant assumption in the postwar era.
Today, the only way to achieve the goals outlined in the Paris Climate Agreement is to reduce emissions through the use of fewer fossil fuels or by increasing their productivity.
During the 1990s and the first two decades of the 21st century, developing countries increased their consumption of oil and coal, thereby increasing their greenhouse gas emissions.
China, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are home to over forty percent of the world's population. Knowing that fossil fuels are the most accessible, affordable, and efficient option, the question is how to promote economic growth and inclusion while incorporating new energy sources.